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Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT)

Cognitive behavioral therapy is an evidence-based intervention that is effective in treating a variety of psychological presentations or mental health concerns. Specifically, research has indicated that CBT is an effective therapy for reducing symptoms or distress experienced in individuals with depression, general anxiety, social anxiety, panic disorder, specifics fears/phobias or eating disorders. Research suggests that the benefits of CBT can be long-lasting, as studies have shown that individuals who receive CBT often maintain their improvements even after therapy ends, decreasing their risk of treatment relapse (Hollon et al., 2006).

CBT is rooted on the idea that our quality of life and functioning is affected by the way we think and behave. CBT aims to identify distress or psychological difficulties that come from negative thought patterns, or errors in our thinking. It also examines learned patterns of behavior that conflict with our ability to live our lives effectively. 

CBT encourages the individual to analyze their thoughts in an objective manner to consider alternative ways of thinking that are more practical or adaptive. Individuals are encouraged to observe their thought content while being mindful of information that supports and contradicts their initial way of thinking. CBT focuses on helping individuals become more familiar with their own experiences through therapeutic work in session and homework assignments outside of therapy. This process aids in the development of coping skills, empowering individuals to modify their thinking, handle problematic emotions, and change their behavior. 

Overall, CBT addresses the way we view and relate to the world and aims to transform that into thinking and behaving in ways that are more aligned with one’s overall goals and general well-being.

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